It is crucially important to avoid as many health risks as possible for visitors to your home or place of business. Prevention always costs more than the outcome of health issues or a lawsuit from negligence. There are many ways in which you can prevent disease, for example a Legionella beheersplan, and I will discuss ways in which you can prevent Legionnaires’ Disease in the following article.
The first is to dispel myth from fact. While it is largely believed that this disease comes from air conditioning, but domestic plumbing is more likely. These have been linked to instances of Legionella, including those that are potable water. Another myth is that Legionella is everywhere, and it is not. People may say there is no point in testing for it because it will always be found, but many studies dispute this statement. In fact, it lives in the water in a rage of 20% – 70% of buildings, a wide rage. The water should be tested at your work place or residence regularly for it. You may need to test fountains, such as decorative ones or a showerhead if you develop the symptoms.
You should check out the guidelines and the standards for Legionella at your workplace or home. These are available for engineers, water treatment employees, infection control specialists, and online for free. Acquaint yourself with these to prevent an outbreak.
There have been many outbreaks that have killed people. Back in 1976 in Philadelphia, the causing organism, Legionella, affected over 200 people and killed over 34, and most were attendees of the American Legion that were attending a convention at a Hotel.
Many facilities have started to be proactive, which is definitely a good thing. Legionella bacteria is microscopic and you cannot tell it is in the water until someone develops the symptoms of Legionnaire’s Disease and gets tested. Guidelines conditions that increase the risk from Legionella: include a temperature that is ideal for growth, ranging from 20 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees. Things like sludge, rust, algae, or scales that they can eat also increase the risk. Anything that creates vapor or breathable droplets spreads the disease through inhalation.
You should consider a risk assessment if the water systems have not been changed in a while, the use of the building has adapted, there is no new information about possible hazards and risks, checking in does not show that control measures are effective.
The elements of a Legionella Risk Assessment include, but are not limited to the following: A list of every water service in the home or office, the outlets of the water, inspections of the place to gauge the overall cleanliness, the overall conditions, and the compliance with standard operating procedure. It also includes a production of the water system schematics, samples from various sites of water such as showers, taps, and air conditioning systems. Temperatures must be taken from the various water locations.
Anywhere from 8,000 to 18,000 cases are reported in the United States according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). They also estimate that about 5% – 30% of the victims of this illness die. A large and growing number of surveys, studies and reports show victims that have lasting neurological issues, affecting memory and muscle control.
Legionella, along with other waterborne disease, costs the healthcare system of the United States almost $540 million dollars a year, according to the Center for Disease Control. Some patients recover with antibiotics but lose out on sork because they are hospitalized for days.
Other items that may be at risk are health facilities, a whirlpool or spa, any water device that releases aerosols and another at risk item that you should look out for The total hallocent concentration is also a list and portable water should have a halogist concentration from incoming potable water. It should be less than half of an mgL.
Hot water heaters are almost twice as likely than air conditioning to have Legionella, according to a study done by Hodgson and Casey in 1998. A study from England found that about 60% of hospitals, commercial office buildings and hotels in the early 1980s had Legionella. 55% of hot water systems and nearly 15% of cold water systems were also found to be positive.
The disease is very hard to tell apart from pneumonia that you might get out in your community and the onset of the symptoms occur several days after you have been near it, so many incidences go unnoticed. Of course, the bacteria will most likely affect anyone with a compromised immune system, children, anyone with diminished lung capacity, the elderly and those with autoimmune disorders such as HIV or AIDS.
You can reduce risks of an outbreak by checking and testing water sources for bacteria, identifying any little used outlets, taking monthly readings of water temperature, communicating with a contractor for water treatment, follow up on out of scope temperature readings, and chlorinating your systems if you need to.